The Fluid Mechanics course is an introduction to the mechanics of incompressible and compressible fluids. It covers the principles and more important theories of modern fluid mechanics. The Fluid Mechanics Laboratory course is an indispensable supplement to the theory. It covers measuring devices and techniques, error analysis in experimental works and analysis of assumptions in the theory of fluid mechanics.
Hydraulics and fluid mechanics, or the study of liquids, is an important area for Mechanical Engineers. Whether designing a steam engine, or working on a pump or turbine, Mechanical Engineers need to know how the water or liquid is going to move or operate. This allows them to create and maintain important machines that power our every day world.
A large number of experiments could be performed in the laboratory to demonstrate the principles of hydraulics and fluid mechanics deals with the different experiments. The main objective of this FLUID MECHANICS AND HYDRAULIC MACHINES LAB is to build fundamental concepts combined with strong analytical and problem solving abilities that would form the backbone of many other subjects in higher educations.
Typically a total of twelve experiments are given during the semester and a report is requested from eight experiments. Civil and Mechanical Engineering students take these courses.
List of Major Experiments:
Fluid flow measurements: Determining coefficient of discharge for venturimeter, orificemeter, weirs;
Experiment to verify Bernouli’s theorem;
Flow through pipes: Reynold’s experiments; Pipe friction in laminar and turbulent flow regimes; Pitot tube experiments on viscous flow and boundary layer theory;
Determination of metacentric height of a floating vessel;
Experiments on Fluid Machinery: Pumps, jet pumps, Blowers, Compressors;
Experiments on Hydro-Turbines: Francis and Pelton turbines.