The planning and design of all Civil Engineering projects such as construction of highways, bridges, tunnels, dams etc are based upon surveying measurements. Moreover, during execution, project of any magnitude is constructed along the lines and points established by surveying.
In the Surveying lab, test on Fluid is performed such as:-
1) Chain surveying
Preparing index plans, Location sketches, Ranging, Preparation of map, Heights of objects using chain and ranging rods, Getting outline of the structures by enclosing them in triangles/quadrilaterals, Distance between inaccessible points, Obstacles in chain survey.
2) Compass surveying
Measurement of bearings, Preparation of map, Distance between two inaccessible points by chain and compass, Chain and compass traverse
3) Plane Table survey
Temporary adjustments of plane table and Radiation method, Intersection, Traversing and Resection methods of plane tabling, Three-point problem Leveling
Temporary adjustment of Dumpy level, Differential leveling, Profile leveling and plotting the profile, Longitudinal and cross sectioning, Gradient of line and setting out grades, Sensitiveness of Bubble tube
Direct contouring, Indirect contouring – Block leveling, Indirect contouring – Radial contouring, Demonstration of minor
6) Use of Total Station