The goal of environmental engineering is to ensure that societal development and the use of water, land and air
resources are sustainable. This goal is achieved by managing these resources so that environmental pollution and
degradation is minimized. Environmental engineers study water, soil and air pollution problems, and develop
technical solutions needed to solve, attenuate or control these problems in a manner that is compatible with legislative, economic, social and political concerns.
Civil engineers are particularly involved in such activities as water supply and sewerage, management of surface water and groundwater quality, re-mediation of contaminated sites and solid waste management. The activities of such engineers include, but are not limited to, the planning,
design, construction and operation of water and wastewater treatment facilities in municipalities and industries,
modelling and analysis of surface water and groundwater quality, design of soil and remediation systems,
planning for the disposal and reuse of wastewaters and sludges, and the collection, transport, processing, recovery
and disposal of solid wastes according to accepted engineering practices. Environmental engineers are called
upon to play an important role in environmental protection, because engineering solutions are required to meet
the environmental standards set by legislation. Consulting firms, municipalities, government agencies, industries
and non-governmental organizations and specialized contractors are potential employers for civil engineers with a
specialization in environmental engineering.
In the Environmental Engineering lab, we measure the physical , chemical and biological characteristics of surface and ground water such as:-
1) Determination of pH value of a given water sample.
2) Determination of Turbidity of a given water sample.
3) Determination of Total Hardness of a given water sample.
4) Determination of Alkalinity of a given water sample.
5) Determination of chloride content of a given water sample.
6) Determination of D.O. of a water sample by Winkler’s method.
7) Determination of B.O.D. of a given water sample.
8) Determination of optimum dose of alum for adsorption of water by Jar test.
9) Determination of iron in a given sample of water.
10) Determination of colour in a given sample of water.
11) Determination of odour in a given sample of water.
12) Determination of C.O.D. of a given water sample.
13) Determination of coliform(Total+ Feacal) of a given water sample.